SHARDELOW, Robert

Male 1200 - 1255  (55 years)


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  • Name SHARDELOW, Robert 
    Born 1200 
    • Source: "Some Materials for a History of the Parish of Thompson ....." written in 1892. It states: he was "probably of Shardlow, co. Derby. His wife's name does not appear."
    Gender Male 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1219  Weasenham, Norfolk, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mr Robert de Shardelow is cited as one of the justices before whom a grant of land and a fine are decided. We believe he was 19 at this stage so quite young for this? The year is derived from "3d of Henry III".
    Source: British History Online. 
    Professional position/status 1227  Rome, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Sent on a mission to Rome by King Henry III

    Source: Calendar of Patent Rolls, p. 141 
    Professional position/status 1228 
    appointed Justice of Assize 
    Miscellaneous as specified 13 Jul 1229  Burton Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Crude Latin translation seems to be suggesting that Robert was granted custody of Burton Abbey? Uncertain about this. There are several references to Robert in this document, all very difficult to understand.

    Source: Calendar of Patent Rolls 
    Miscellaneous as specified 9 Sep 1229  London, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Calendar of the Liberate Rolls entry:

    "Liberate to Master Robert de Shardelowe, kings clerk, 10l. for the use of his sister, of the king's gift. By L. the chaplain."

    l. was an abbreviation for £, so this was £10. A labourer would earn about £2 a year in 1300 so maybe £10 was 5 years wages and given wages were appalling back then maybe he/she was paid about the equivalent of £20,000 in 2021 rates?  
    Professional position/status 1230  York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Justice Itinerant for York 
    Professional position/status 1231  Kent, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Justice in eyre

    Source: Calendar of Close Rolls, mem. 17d 
    Professional position/status 1231  Cambs, Essex, Herts, Hunts &c Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Justice Itinerant for Cambs, Essex, Herts, Hunts, & c. 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1232  Nottingham, Derby, Leicester and Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    "At the same time [as his brother Hugh being locked up in the Tower!] the lands of Robert de Shardelowe were seized by the King. These acts seem to have been done in order to find gifts to make to the King's new favorite, Peter de Rivaux."

    Sources: Secondary source is 'Delafield, The Family History'. It is quoting primary source: Calendar of Close Rolls, 16 Henry III, mem. 3. 
    Professional position/status 1232  Surrey, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Sheriff of Surrey

    Source: Calendar of Patent Rolls, mem. 12 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1238  Nottingham, Derby, Leicester and Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    "It appears that in 1238 Robert de Shardelowe and Hugh, his brother, held lands in the counties of Nottingham, Derby, Leicester and Suffolk (Calendar of Close Rolls, 22 Henry III, mem. 15).  
    Professional position/status 1245 
    Justice of the Kings Bench

    At the same time the lands of Robert de Shardelowe were seized by the King. These acts seem to have been done in order to find gifts to make to the King's new favorite, Peter de Rivaux."

    Sources: Secondary source is 'Delafield, The Family History'. It is quoting primary source: Calendar of Close Rolls, 29 Henry III, mem. 11. 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1246 
    "Liberate to Master Robert de Shardelawe, who is about to depart for Ireland by the king's orders, 20 marks of the king's gift for
    his expenses."
    Also 60 marks a year for his maintenance while on the King's service there.

    Source: Calendar of Liberate Rolls (PRO)

    Meaning: a mark was worth about 2/3s of a pound; a labourer would earn about £2 a year in 1300 so maybe 20 marks or £13 was 7 years wages and given wages were appalling back then maybe he was paid about the equivalent of £30,000 in 2021 rates?  
    Professional position/status 1246  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Sent to Ireland as Justice Itinerant.

    A little history of the era:
    "....the arrival of the Normans in 1167-69. The first Normans came to Ireland from south Wales at the invitation of Diarmait Mac Murchada, king of Leinster, to support his ambition to become king of all Ireland. Mac Murchada was succeeded as King of Leinster by the leader of the Normans, Richard de Clare, known as Strongbow. In 1171 the Normans’ overlord, Henry II, King of England, came to Ireland and was recognised as overlord of the country by both Irish and Normans. Thus began the political involvement of England in Ireland which was to dominate the country’s history in succeeding centuries.

    The Normans quickly came to control three-quarters of the land. In time, they assimilated with the local population until they became, it was said, more Irish than the Irish themselves. The Normans had a major impact on the country. Throughout the 13th century they developed the same type of parliament, law and system of administration as in England.

    However, the native, or Gaelic, Irish exerted pressure on the Norman colony. Outside the colony attempts were made to re-establish the native kingship. Edward Bruce, brother of the Scottish king Robert, failed in his attempt in 1315, the last serious effort to overthrow Norman rule. By the end of the 15th century, due to the depredations of the Irish and the Gaelicisation of the leading Norman families, the area of English rule in Ireland had shrunk to a small enclave around Dublin known as the Pale." 
    Miscellaneous as specified 25 Mar 1246  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Entry no. 2816; 25 March 1246. "Protection for Master Robert de Shardelawe on the K.'s service in Ireland; with acquittance of suits of counties and hundreds, excepting pleas of dower Unde nihil habet, assise of Novel disseisin, and Darrein presentment. Westminster, [Pat., 30 Hen. III., m. 6.]

    Source: Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland.

    Meaning:
    1/ A dower is a widow's share for life of her husband's estate; Unde nihil habet is 'which she has nothing' - so presumably its a court session to assess a request by a widow for money when her husband has died and nothing specific has been left to her?
    2/ An assize: a court that sits at regular intervals; Novel disseisin means newly dispossesed; so this sounds like a court to assess a case made by someone who thinks they have been wrongly dispossessed, presumably usually of land eg an ownership dispute.
    3/ Darrein presentment: the right to present (I assume appoint) a parson or priest when a vacancy occurred; so I think ... priest dies, it is not apparent or it is disputed as to who has the right to name a replacement, this court decides.  
    Miscellaneous as specified 25 Mar 1246  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Protection with clause columus us for Master Robert de Shardelawe, gone to Ireland in the king's service, until his return.

    Source: Calendar of Patent Rolls.

    Meaning: I am guessing it means his property and lands will still be his when he returns. 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1247  Gormanston, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    The index of this document suggests Robert Cherdolau is same as Robert Shardelawe. He is quoted as witnessing a land transaction.

    Source: Calendar of the Gormanston register, from the original in the possession of the right honourable the viscount of Gormanston 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1249 to 1252  Skidoo, Swords, near Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    He held lands of the Archbishop of Dublin in the manor of Swords, including "80 acres in Schecdouhe" (Skidoo)

    Sources: Secondary source is 'Delafield, The Family History'. It is quoting primary source: Calendar Liber Niger of Christ Church, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol. XXVII c, p. 59. 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1 Sep 1250  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Entry no. 3082 1 Sept 1250: As the K. has doubts regarding the plaint before R. de Shardelawe and his associates, justices in Eyre in Ireland, between Matilda de Lacy, plaintiff and the Prior of Conal, deforciant, touching the advowson of Arnchurch [Ardnorcher], the K. appoints to the parties a day before himself on the morrow of Michaelmas. Mandate to the justices to adjourn the plaint till the morrow of St. Martin [Nov 12]. Worcester. [Close, 34 Hen. III., m. 5 dors.]

    Source: Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland.

    Meaning: An Eyre is a circuit travelled by an itinerant justice. Ardnorcher is a place in central Ireland not far from Athlone.  
    Miscellaneous as specified 1252  Limerick, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Master Robert de Shardelawe is mentioned as justice of the bench. The researcher's list provides references to the Black Book of Limerick pp 12, 19 & 22.

    Source: Who Was Who in Medieval Limerick City, from Manuscript Sources 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1253  Limerick, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Master Robert de Shardelawe is mentioned as justice in eyre. The researcher's list provides reference to the Calendar of Documents Ireland 2, 292.

    Source: Who Was Who in Medieval Limerick City, from Manuscript Sources 
    Miscellaneous as specified 1255  Ulster, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    "the King holds four carucates of land in Ulster which were given to Robert de Shardelowe by Agnes de Weston in exchange for four virgates of land in Angoldesthorp in the County of Leicester, and eleven acres in Eston in the County of Derby. What became of the four carucates in Ulster does not appear from the records. Geoffrey de Shardelowe may have sold them or exchanged them for the Knightstown property."

    At the same time the lands of Robert de Shardelowe were seized by the King. These acts seem to have been done in order to find gifts to make to the King's new favorite, Peter de Rivaux."

    Sources: Secondary source is 'Delafield, The Family History'. It is quoting primary source: Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland, Vol II, p473.


    Notes:
    1/ A carucate is about 100-120 acres or 0.486 square kilometre, so 4 carucates is about 1.944 square kilometres.
    2/ A virgate is about 30 acres].
    3/ Eston is maybe now Aston next to Shardlow? 
    Died <3 Nov 1255  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Source: "Some Materials for a History of the Parish of Thompson ....." written in 1892. It states: "1255 was dead".
    Miscellaneous as specified 1257  Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Source: "Some Materials for a History of the Parish of Thompson ....." written in 1892. It states: "1255 was dead. Some disputes arose about certain lands of his in Ireland, and again in 1257. -- Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland vol. i." 
    Miscellaneous as specified 16 Jun 1257  Nor specified Find all individuals with events at this location 
    For Henry de Hetham. The king has granted to Hervicus de Hetham and Isolda his wife that they are to pay two and a half marks at the Exchequer of Michaelmas in the forty-first year and 2½ m. at the Exchequer of Easter next following and so from year to year 5 m. at the same terms until the £47 7s. 9d. which the same owe of the debts of Master Robert of Shardlow for the share falling to the same of the lands formerly of the same Robert are paid. Order to the barons of the Exchequer to cause them to have those terms and to cause it to be done and enrolled thus. By Simon Passelewe and Thomas Esporun.

    a. This entry is not in the originalia roll. 
    Miscellaneous as specified 12 Nov 1279  Westminster, London, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    "To the justices appointed for the custody of the Jews. Notification that Hervey de Hegham, who married Isolda, sister and co-heiress of Master Robert de Sherdelowe, has paid, for a portion of the lands that belonged to Robert that they hold, 47l. 7s. 9d. of the debts of 72l. 8s. 0d. in which Robert at his death was indebted to the late king of the debts of Aaron, a Jew of York, deceased, and of 45l. 1s. 0d. of the debts of Aaron son of Abraham, a Jew, deceased, as the barons of the exchequer have signified to the king, and order to cause Hervey and Isolda to be acquitted of this sum; provided that the remainder of the debts that they exact from Hervey and Isolda shall be levied."

    Source: Close Rolls, Edward I 
    Buried Dominican Convent, Kilkenny, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • "He was buried in the Dominican Convent at Kilkenny, where a thirteenth-century tombstone was found bearing in Lombardic lettering the inscription: Mester :Roberd :de :sardelove git : ici : dev : de sa alme : eit : merci : pat nr."

      Sources: Secondary source is 'Delafield, The Family History'. It is quoting primary source: Journal of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society, Vol I, p. 455.

      Notes:
      Kilkenny is 80 miles SW of Dublin.
    Person ID P406  My Genealogy / The Shardalow Name
    Last Modified 6 Apr 2021 

    Mother SHARDELAWE, Idonea,   b. guess 1170, Shardlow Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F148  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. SHARDELOWE, Edmund,   b. 1235
    +2. SHARDELOW, Geoffrey,   d. 1274
    +3. SHARDELOW, Petronilla
    Last Modified 6 Apr 2021 
    Family ID F146  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart